Although the fossil record (notably from caves of the Cockpit Country) demonstrates a more diverse mammalian community in the past, including one endemic primate (Xenothrix mcgregori) and at least two species of caviomorph rodents (Family: Heptaxodontidae, Clidomys osborni and C. parvus) from the later Quaternary and one rhinocerotoid ungulate (Hyrachyus sp.) from the late early or middle Eocene [the oldest specimen of West Indian land mammal found and demonstration that at least one land mammal of Holarctic affinities lived in Jamaica prior to the island's middle-Eocene-late Miocene submergence) (MacPhee 1984, Domming et al. 1997)], the sole extant native rodent is the Jamaican hutia (coney) (Geocapromys brownii). Their habit of nesting among limestone boulders makes cave entrances attractive to hutias and their bones are common in cave breccia in the Cockpit Country (Anthony 1918-19, MacPhee 1984, Pregill et al.1991). Where hutias continue to survive on Jamaica, the majority of their populations are subjected to intensive hunting pressures (Oliver 1982).

The present status of hutias in the Cockpit Country environs is unknown. Oliver (1982) noted that most local hunters and foresters interviewed were adamant that the species no longer occurs in the area or if they do occur, they are either sparsely distributed or at very low density. The only confirmation of their existence in the past 20 years is from the collection of fresh feces (scat) in a coco (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) plantation near Quickstep (Oliver 1982). First-hand reports of occasional captures or chance sightings date back to the 1950s and most of these reports are restricted to Aberdeen, Accompong and Maroon Town.

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